When marking the floor , the floor of a logistics facility is provided with information signs. This safety measure minimizes possible risks in the warehouse and at the same time serves for spatial organization.
In order to avoid risks in warehouses, the areas intended for warehouse work or the areas in which handling equipment and people move must be marked and visually separated from one another.
This article explains what floor markings should look like, the guidelines to follow, and the benefits of having a well-marked warehouse.
Why Should the Floor of the Warehouse Be Marked?
Floor markings in the warehouse are a way of delimiting the individual work areas. This safety measure helps the operators to visually clearly recognize hazards.
All areas in which there could be danger for the operator are to be marked, e. B. the parking spaces for hazardous substances and products. Emergency exits , areas with obstacles and locations of fire extinguishing systems are also marked for easy identification.
However, only the most important areas of the warehouse should be marked as too many markings could confuse warehouse workers.
The main reasons for properly marking the warehouse are:
- Compliance with regulations. La directive 92/58 / EEC of the European Union requires companies to label the soil in the camp. Otherwise there is a risk of penalties or even legal proceedings.
- Increase security. These markings represent a measure to prevent hazards in the workplace. For example, accidents can be avoided by the operator not crossing markings and thus not being in areas in which forklifts operate.
- Organization of the space. The demarcation of work areas facilitates order in the warehouse. It is important that the warehouse is well structured, as a good division has a positive effect on all operations carried out there.
- Reduction of movements. By marking the warehouse, operators know exactly where to go, increasing speed and thus productivity.
The constant movement of people and goods in the warehouse increases the risk of accidents, especially from collisions and falls. According to Eurostat, 300,000 accidents occur in the logistics sector in Europe every year. Some of these accidents happen on the way from one point to another in the camp. In order to avoid any risk, the correct labeling of the warehouse is extremely useful.
What Types of Marking Are There in the Warehouse?
The floor in the warehouse can be marked in different ways. Due to the legal safety regulations, dangers, prohibitions or notices are shown in the same shapes and colors as on traffic signs. With a triangular sign, for example, you know that it is a hazard warning. If, on the other hand, it is square, the sign is purely informative.
Usually, the marking is done with special resin-based paints , as these are more resistant to wear and tear. With the help of a marking cart or stencil, lines are drawn to demarcate areas. These colors must be suitable for vehicles to drive on and must therefore not be slippery.
Non-slip stickers are also used, which are particularly resistant to water, extreme temperatures and solar radiation. They are usually placed directly on the floor or on a staircase as they minimize the risk of slipping thanks to their non-slip surface. They come in a variety of colors, but most of the time they are yellow and black to indicate a potential fall or trip hazard.
What Tips Are There for Good Industrial Labeling?
Before marking the floor in the warehouse, you should first find out about the applicable legal provisions. For example, it is important to know which colors can be used or which areas must be marked.
The division and organization of the warehouse must then be checked in order to identify possible dangers.
Then the appropriate type of marking (paint or sticker) should be selected. This depends on the properties of the floor covering and on whether the marking should only be applied temporarily or permanently. Companies that frequently change the layout of the warehouse usually opt for stickers.
Ideally, the warehouse should be at room temperature to apply the paint or stickers. In addition, it is imperative that the floor is clean, dry and free of dust, grease and oil to facilitate installation.
The warehouse manager is responsible for checking the floor markings to make sure they are in good condition and clean.
What Are the Legal Guidelines for Floor Marking?
In the European Union, Directive 92/58 / EEC applies , which is binding in all EU countries and therefore also part of the respective national legislation.
According to this guideline, companies are obliged to mark the floor in the warehouse if there are dangers that cannot be avoided by other technical protective devices.
Some of the points set out in this policy are:
This guideline states that employees must be trained on the preventive measures and markings used. It is important that all employees understand the meaning of the safety symbols and colors, including those outside their work area.
These training measures ensure the correct interpretation of the markings. They should always be carried out when new labels are attached or existing ones are changed or when new employees start to work in the warehouse.
Obstacles and Danger Spots
Areas in which there is a risk of colliding with obstacles or falling objects or in which people may be must be marked.
For example, passages under pallet racks , which facilitate the flow of movement and at the same time fulfill the function of an emergency exit, are to be provided with markings.
As a rule, yellow and black stripes or red and white stripes are used for this.
Lanes must also be clearly marked by stripes in a visible color, preferably white or yellow, taking into account the color of the floor.
When positioning these strips, it is important to take into account the safety distance between the vehicles and any objects that may be nearby, including the operators themselves.
Ensuring security is a priority for companies . Through training measures, prevention, responsibility and maintenance, the dangers to people, business interruptions and damage to goods are minimized.
Labeling is one of the most effective ways of ensuring warehouse safety, as it allows operators to easily see hazards. However, it must be taken into account that this is also a preventive measure, in addition to other, equally effective measures to ensure the correct operation of the warehouse, such as regular shelf inspections .